Hawthorns are wide ranging, and are distributed from coast to coast in the United States and southern Canada. There are over 1000 hawthorn species.
The hawthorn is found mostly in shrub and rarely in tree form. It can grow to a maximum height of 99 feet (30 metres).
The leaves have teeth of two sizes and vary in shape according to species.
Its showy white or pink flowers are delicately fragrant. After pollination, they produce a small apple-like fruit called a haw. The fruit are edible drupes, which are sometimes used for making stewed fruits and jellies. They can be red, orange, yellow or blue according to the species.
The most conspicuous feature of the hawthorn is the long thorns on the branches. The thorns are very strong and were once used as nails. They also provide a protected habitat for many small birds and mammals.
The hawthorn grows well in forest openings and is often found on abandoned lands. It also occurs along streams.
Its wood is heavy and very hard. It is used for sculpturing, engraving, and making levers, tool handles and other small objects.
Hawthorn tincture is used in medicine, as it acts on the nervous system.
Fruits, red haws.