White Spruce

White spruce adapts to a surprising variety of environments and climates. Ranging from southern Quebec to the tree line in the far North, it is one of our most wide-spread coniferous trees.

It prefers moist, well-drained alluvial soil, but grows on a wide diversity of sites.

White spruce is rarely found in pure stands. It usually associates with black spruce, balsam fir, trembling aspen, and white birch. Almost white, its wood is soft, light-weight, and moderately strong with a straight grain. Like other species of spruce, this wood does not absorb preservatives well.

White spruce is of great importance to the construction and pulp and paper industries.


Photo - leaf

Needles, evergreen, single, four-sided.


Photo - fruit

Fruits, cones enclosing seeds.