Black spruce

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Black spruce is a symbol of our vast boreal forests. It dominates the northern part of the commercial forest and the mixed forest scattered with conifers. It reproduces by layering when its lower branches, lying on the ground, take root.

In hardwood forests, black spruce is commonly found in bogs and marshy areas. Further north, in the immense coniferous region, it adapts to thin, rocky soil.

It often forms vast pure stands, but is also found with balsam fir, white spruce, jack pine, tamarack and trembling aspen.

Almost white, its wood is quite light-weight and strong.

The length and density of its fibres make it the most desirable species for the pulp and paper industry. It is also used in construction.


Leaf

Photo - leaf

Needles, evergreen, four-sided and greyish-green.

Fruit

Photo - fruit

Fruits, large evergreen cones containg dark seeds.