Hackberry

Photo of the Tree

The hackberry grows to an average height of about 50 feet (15 metres), but it can reach 149 feet (45 metres) in more southern regions. Its life span also ranges from 150 to 500 years.

It grows on various soils but prefers deep moist soils. It is found in southern Quebec and Ontario and as far south as Pennsylvania and Kansas. It occurs in Canada because birds on their northward migration bring the nuts in their excrement.

The hackberry can regenerate by stump shoots and seed dispersion. In fact, because birds and small animals adore the hackberry fruit, the seed is widely dispersed.

Its fruit is a berry-like drupe, with a pitted stone.

Its wood is heavy but weak, and is therefore not used in carpentry. The hackberry is often used in landscape planting as a substitute for elm, which is subject to Dutch elm disease.


Leaf

Photo - Leaf

Leaves, alternate, very pointed at tip, and asymmetrical at base.

Fruit

Photo - fruit

Fruits, redish drupes (stone fruits) on long stalk.