A southerly species, eastern hemlock only grows in southern Quebec. It is remarkably shade-tolerant and grows slowly, but can live more than 400 years!
Hemlock is frequently found in stony, well-drained areas.
It sometimes grows in pure stands, especially on sites that are not suitable for other species. Eastern hemlock associates with sugar maple, beech, yellow birch and white spruce.
Its colour ranges from light yellow to reddish brown. The wood has a coarse texture, is relatively hard and light, but not strong. It tends to deteriorate during drying.
It is used for general construction, boxes and crates, retaining walls and pulp.
Needles, single and flat.
Fruits, small cones at end of twig.