The coast redwood is the world's tallest conifer. It is known for its height and longevity. It grows up to 370 feet high (112 metres) and lives up to 2000 years. Native to the United States, it occurs along the Pacific coast. It is also planted in Western Canada for landscape purposes.
The coast redwood requires a lot of moisture in the atmosphere, as well as moist, deep and nutrient-rich soil. Because its leaves do not tolerate the cold, it prefers coastal regions such as the Pacific coast.
The coast redwood is one of the few conifers that reproduce by stump sprouts or by sprouts that arise in the base of dead branches. This promotes reproduction, because the seeds the tree produces yearly do not germinate readily. Propagation by cuttings and in-vitro culture are also possible with this redwood.
The coast redwood has red, good quality wood. A very resistant tree, it is rarely attacked by insects. It is used in construction, furniture-making, shingle production, and much more.
Needles, single and flat.
Fruits, cones 0.8 to 1.2 inches long (2 to 3 cm) long, on the end of twigs.